Below is a list of common terms related to misinformation, disinformation, and media manipulation, as well as specific terms the Casebook uses to code cases.
As the practice of media manipulation evolves in response to changes in policies, regulations, and politics, so do the tactics. Below are some of the ways campaign operators take advantage of our networked media ecosystem.
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Within the study of disinformation and media manipulation, bots typically refer to social media accounts that are automated, sometimes deployed for deceptive purposes, such as to artificially amplify a message, game a trending or recommendation algorithm, or inflate an account's engagement metrics. These accounts are typically centrally controlled or in coordination with each other. The term 'bot' is also used as a pejorative to discredit political opponents online. Bots are a Casebook value under the "Tactics" variable in the code book.